Part 2-2 of the IEC 60287 "Calculation of current rating" standard, gives various approaches to obtaining reduction (derating) factors for cables in free air and protected from solar radiation. These are principally designed for multicore cables or single core cables in trefoil but can be extended to other arrangements.
Where the sustained current for an isolated cable or circuit is known, the rating of the cable installed within a group of similar cables is given by:
The reduction (derating) factor Fg for the group is calculated from:
where the surface temperature rise k1 is provided by:
and the term (T4g/T4i) is derived iteratively from the ratio (hi/hg) by:
starting with T4gT4in+1=hihg
with values for (hi/hg) are given in the data section below.
When using IEC 60287 itself to calculate the sustained current ratings of cables, part 2-2.1 gives methods for the calculation of thermal resistance. To apply group derating for cables, the heat emission coefficient h is substituted by the group heat emission coefficient hg, with hg being given by:
and values for (hi/hg) as provided in the data section below.
Data for calculating reduction coefficients (below) give the necessary conditions which need to be achieved to avoid the need to apply any group derating.
Image reproduced from IEC 60287-2-2, Table 1
Where cables are arranged in both the horizontal and vertical planes, the sustained current capacity shall be derived using values of hi/hg for the vertical plane.